In spite of the Covid-19 pandemic and recurring and intensifying natural disasters, SIDS continue to reflect consistent increase of renewable energy uptake. IRENA statistics show that an increase in installed renewable capacity by 7% in 2020 and 6% in 2021 over the previous year.
According to IRENA data, solar energy accounts for 36% of total installed renewable energy capacity in the SIDS followed by 27% of hydropower, 24% of bioenergy, 12% of wind energy and 1% of geothermal energy. Between 2019 and 2021, 633 MW of solar energy capacity has been installed in the SIDS followed by 120 MW of bioenergy and 29 MW of wind energy.
In terms of the regional trends, IRENA data in the Atlantic, Indian Ocean and South China Sea (AIS) region indicates that solar energy technologies are the most widely adopted accounting for 58% shares of the total installed renewable energy capacity, whereas, in the Caribbean region, solar energy, bioenergy and hydropower technologies show similar uptake trends accounting for 34%, 26% and 25% respectively of the total installed renewable energy capacity. For the Pacific region, hydropower technologies account for 57% of the total installed renewable energy capacity.
Total Installed Renewable Energy Capacity in SIDS
Total Installed Renewable Energy Capacity by Region